By Robert Bideleux
This welcome moment variation of A historical past of jap Europe presents a thematic ancient survey of the formative strategies of political, social and fiscal switch that have performed paramount roles in shaping the evolution and improvement of the sector. matters lined comprise: jap Europe in historic, medieval and early glossy instances the legacies of Byzantium, the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Empire the influence of the region's strong Russian and Germanic neighbours rival suggestions of 'Central' and 'Eastern' Europe the adventure and results of the 2 global Wars different types of fascism in japanese Europe the influence of Communism from the Nineteen Forties to the Nineteen Eighties post-Communist democratization and marketization the eastward expansion of the ecu. A historical past of jap Europe now contains new chronologies – one for the Balkans and one for East-Central Europe – and a word list of keywords and ideas, supplying complete insurance of a posh prior, from antiquity to the current day.
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Extra resources for A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change
Soviet forces withdrew from Austria and Finland. Formation of the Warsaw Pact as Soviet bloc counterpart to NATO. Khrushchev made a speech denouncing Stalin. Major unrest in Poland. Hungarian Revolution, crushed by Soviet forces. Berlin Wall built. Albania broke with USSR and turned to China. ’ Czechoslovak reform movement, culminating in ‘Prague Spring’. Leonid Brezhnev led the CPSU and ‘froze’ the Soviet bloc. Inauguration of Hungary’s ‘New Economic Mechanism’. Willy Brandt’s ‘Ostpolitik’ inaugurated East–West détente.
Chronologies xxxiii 1363–74 1374 1378–1419 1386(–1572) 1387–1437 1380s–1410s 1400 1403 1410 1414–17 1415 1416 1419 1420 1420–95 1421 1421–34 1425 Konrad Walhauser and Jan Milic sowed the seeds of a proto-Protestant Reformation in Prague. The Bible was translated into Czech in the 1370s. In Poland, the Statute of Kosice extended the prerogatives and privileges of the nobility, clergy and (to lesser degrees) burghers. Turbulent reign of Vaclav IV in Bohemia. Poland’s aristocracy forced Queen Jadwiga (aged eleven) to marry Jogaila, Grand Duke of pagan Lithuania.
Only Habsburgs became Holy Roman Emperors. Janos Hunyadi, a soldier of fortune from Transylvania, inflicted major defeats on Ottoman forces in the Balkans. Hungary was ruled by a Jagiellonian, Wladyslaw (Ulaszlo), who was defeated and killed by Ottoman forces at Varna. Bohemia was ruled by Jiri of Podebrad, the conservative ‘Oliver Cromwell’ of the Hussite Reformation. The major Baltic ports of Gdansk, Elblag (Elbing) and Torrun (Thorn) switched allegiance from the Teutonic Knights to Poland-Lithuania, where the Statute of Nieszawa (1454) stipulated that troops and new taxes were henceforth to be raised only by noble consent.
A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change by Robert Bideleux