By D. Armstrong
Clinical texts supply a strong technique of gaining access to modern perceptions of sickness and during them assumptions in regards to the nature of the physique and id. by means of mapping those perceptions, from their nineteenth-century specialise in ailment situated in a organic physique via to their 'discovery' of the psycho-social sufferer of the overdue 20th century, a heritage of id, either actual and mental, is published.
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Additional resources for A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge
During 20 A New History of Identity life, the clinician searched the body for the pathological lesion and after life, the pathologist opened up the corpse in the post-mortem or autopsy to reveal the truth of death in the form of diseased processes or structures that had brought it about. Both of these examinations of the patient’s body served to reafﬁrm, on countless occasions, its three-dimensional volume as corporal space was mapped, analysed and dissected. The clinical examination and the post-mortem were the major practical procedures for identifying and managing the new pathological death.
Corporal space, delineated by sanitary science and sub-divided by human anatomy, was imbued with a life force pulsating through its inner tissues and organs: Man had corporal life because he had pathological death lurking in the heart of his body. No wonder that the truth of life was now to be found in death as the pathologist dissected the body, the clinician completed the death certiﬁcate, and the registrar collated these records of the epic struggle within the body of Man. The new pathological death served to remove Man further from nature.
Most of these deaths were said to be from atrophy, debility, malformation and sudden causes. Of these various imprecise causes of infant death, only congenital malformation seemed to be exclusive to children. Atrophy, debility and sudden death were equally found as causes of death – together with ‘old age’ – amongst the elderly. The Registrar-General recognized this correspondence between infancy and old age in 1855 when he removed these deaths from ‘uncertain seat’ and created a new sub-classiﬁcation of ‘diseases of growth, nutrition and decay’.
A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge by D. Armstrong