By Alger F. Johns
This normal grammar ebook of biblical Aramaic, utilized by scholars at many seminaries and universities, is the single one to incorporate graded routines on the shut of every of its twenty classes.
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Pp (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > Vsp. (analogical extension of t h e characteristic vowel of t h e imperfect to t h e perfect) > "7Bp_ (see I H ) . ppn> 'rppn (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > Vppn (analogical extension of the characteristic vowel of t h e imperfect to t h e perfect) > "pppg (see I H ) . BpN> VpjPX (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > VppjN (analogical extension of the characteristic vowel of the imperfect t o the perfect) > VpplS. ^ (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > bppv (analogical extension of the characteristic vowel of the imperfect t o the perfect).
A verb which has more than one subject may be either singular or plural (whether it precedes or whether it follows its subjects). 3. The Pael: the Pael: The regular (strong) verb of BA is conjugated as follows in Singular Plural Perfect Imperfect Person Perfect Imperfect an? ) lana para- nari? ) nan? nan? ) pnana rianan nan? ) wan? ) nana; (with suffix) nian? ) -an? (fem. ) ian? (masc. ) The Pael Participles are [note that, except for the masculine singular, context alone determines whether the participle is active or passive]: 34 ansa (masc.
Examples of the most common uses of the perfect are listed below: (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Historical perfect: Vaa-Tiba nsnaiai r a ian an^ " H e gave them into the power of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon" (Ezra 5:12). Present: '^3 pirip. pnVx rn'T''7 n S T njx "1 know t h a t the spirit of the holy gods is in y o u " (Dan. 4:6). Future: nsb T^TTi": Kjatp-Va ninn niaVa n sniani wpV^i nniaVai pi'Vy " a n d the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under all the heavens will be given t o t h e people of the saints of the Most H i g h " ( D a n .
A Short Grammar of Biblical Aramaic by Alger F. Johns