Read e-book online A Short History of German Philosophy PDF

By Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall

ISBN-10: 0691167192

ISBN-13: 9780691167190

Initially released as Eine kurze Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie. Translated by way of Steven Rendall

This concise yet accomplished publication offers an unique historical past of German-language philosophy from the center a long time to at the present time. In an available narrative that explains complicated rules in transparent language, Vittorio Hösle lines the evolution of German philosophy and describes its critical impression on different points of German tradition, together with literature, politics, and technology.

Starting with the medieval mystic Meister Eckhart, the e-book addresses the philosophical alterations caused by means of Luther's Reformation, after which provides a close account of the classical age of German philosophy, together with the paintings of Leibniz and Kant; the increase of a brand new kind of humanities in Lessing, Hamann, Herder, and Schiller; the early Romantics; and the Idealists Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. the next chapters examine the cave in of the German synthesis in Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche. Turning to the 20 th century, the booklet explores the increase of analytical philosophy in Frege and the Vienna and Berlin circles; the root of the ancient sciences in Neo-Kantianism and Dilthey; Husserl's phenomenology and its radical alteration by way of Heidegger; the Nazi philosophers Gehlen and Schmitt; and the most West German philosophers, together with Gadamer, Jonas, and people of the 2 Frankfurt colleges. Arguing that there has been a particular German philosophical culture from the mid-eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, the booklet closes by means of reading why that culture principally resulted in the a long time after international conflict II.

A philosophical historical past impressive for its scope, brevity, and lucidity, this can be a useful ebook for college kids of philosophy and someone attracted to German highbrow and cultural history.

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The dominant view has always been that the intellectual centers of medieval philosophy were Paris and Oxford, and that from a philosophical point of view, Germany was a mere province. It had nothing to compare with the famous French cathedral schools of the twelfth century, and a glance at the history of European universities suffices to make clear how late Germany was in establishing its own exemplars of this, the most important institution of higher learning that 13 14 Chapter 2 the Middle Ages produced.

Indeed, a few of the most important modern German philosophers, such as Leibniz, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche, were not professional teachers of philosophy at universities, and the same goes for the most original German philosopher of the Middle Ages, Nicholas of Cusa. But contact with an institution such as a university no doubt abetted efforts to achieve universality. Therefore it is not surprising that the number of important philosophers active in medieval Germany is small—only Albertus Magnus, Meister Eckhart, and Nicholas of Cusa achieved the status of classics.

His thought represents a starting point for Kant’s philosophy, and indeed without Wolff ’s creation of a highly sophisticated German technical language for philosophy, German philosophy in the linguistic sense defined here would not exist at all; Wolff, however, was inspired by, among other people, Leibniz. In addition, I could not envisage ignoring Nicholas of Cusa. It might be replied that the problem disappears if a territorial or ethnic criterion is substituted for a linguistic one. No one doubts that Nicholas of Cusa and Leibniz were born and grew up in the territory of the Holy Roman Empire, or that German was their native language.

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A Short History of German Philosophy by Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall

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