New PDF release: African Economic Outlook, 2003 2004

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

ISBN-10: 9264016244

ISBN-13: 9789264016248

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3 million civil war refugees. 40 Chad has a long history of north-south tension with which its weak democratic structure cannot cope. Strengthening institutions is also a much slower process than building a pipeline. They remain rudimentary and training, justice and democratic institutions are not seen as a priority. 6 per cent of the world’s oil. Africa is thus paradoxically a major importer of oil products (39 per cent of its total energy imports, compared with the world average of 19 per cent), which is a very heavy macroeconomic (budget and current account) burden.

However, African countries seem to be making good progress towards closing the gender gap in primary education, with 13 countries having already achieved the target and © AfDB/OECD 2004 Overview 16 countries on track. The results for progress in promoting gender equality and empowering women in secondary education are not as good: only 7 countries have already achieved the target; 12 are on track. The steady reduction of gender disparities in primary education means that, though the region may not fulfil the MDG target by 2005, it will probably do so by 2015.

According to a 1998 World Bank survey of 115 developing countries, Latin American countries had already undertaken almost three quarters of the reform steps, whereas in Africa only one sixth of the steps had been taken. The Reform Pathway Power reform mainly aims at introducing competition in the upstream and downstream functions of industry structure and at adopting regulation of the wholesale and retail power markets to protect consumer interests. 46 Past experience22 shows that a full reform programme involves the following stages (see Figure 14): Political interference in the regulatory framework • Formulating a power policy providing the guidelines of the reform programmes.

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African Economic Outlook, 2003 2004 by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development


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