By Steven D. Gish
A biography of Dr. A.B. Xuma, the American-educated President of the African nationwide Congress within the Nineteen Forties, and the 1st western-trained black South African doctor to perform medication in Johannesburg.
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Extra resources for Alfred B. Xuma: African, American, South African
48 The message that Lennard tried to convey to his students was a simple one: that educated Africans had an obligation to uplift their communities. ' This notion of social responsibility linked Clarkebury to its sister institutions such as Adams, Healdtown, and Lovedale and provided the inspiration for a whole generation of African students. In Alfred Xuma's case, the exhortations he heard from Rev. 49 School authorities liked what they saw in young Xuma and invested him with extra responsibilities.
Washington wanted a 30 Alfred B. Xuma hand in developing the character of his students so that they could improve their own communities once they moved on. The Institute's array of extracurricular activities reflected these moral concerns. There were at least five voluntary religious associations on campus, including branches of the YMCA and the YWCA. Musical groups abounded, as did literary, debating, and temperance societies. Xuma joined the Institute's military training program and, given his other interests, may well have become involved in some of the Christian activities that regularly occurred on the campus.
The increasing influence of Southern Democrats in national politics boded ill for them, just as it did for black Americans. In January 1915, a Democratic senator from Missouri tabled an amendment banning African immigration to the United States. The amendment, tacked on to a larger immigration restriction bill, banned black immigration from the Caribbean as well. The bill passed the Senate, much to the chagrin of the black American political lobby. In an effort to prevent the bill's passage in the House of Representatives, Booker T.
Alfred B. Xuma: African, American, South African by Steven D. Gish