By Hans Mommsen
Choices to Hitler: German Resistance lower than the 3rd Reich КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: I B Tauris & Co LtdАвтор(ы): Hans MommsenЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2003Количество страниц: 320ISBN: 1-86064-745-6Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.64 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Extra resources for Alternatives to Hitler: German Resistance under the Third Reich
We should regard the various forms and directions taken by the resistance in their totality as a mirror of existing political alternatives to National Socialism in German society. For a long time there has been an inclination to interpret the history of the resistance in a dualistic sense and to posit the existence of the ‘other Germany’ in opposition to the reality of Nazism. However, this conflicts with actual facts; for not only were the boundaries between non-cooperation and resistance fluid, but so also were those between strategies that remained within the bounds of the existing system and those aimed at overthrowing and destroying the regime.
Even today Germany has not fully emerged from that crisis, intellectually or politically. After a period of suppression there are once again signs of a tendency to adopt arguments and positions which originate in the inter-war sense of crisis, although the history of the German resistance clearly demonstrates their inherent contradictions. It is to be hoped that the historical reappraisal of the German opposition to Hitler will replace the facile yea-saying with a willingness to come to grips with the deeper historical and political reasons for its inevitable failure.
Both the Kreisau Circle and the socialists directed their thoughts towards the shaping of this future. They wanted – The social vision and constitutional plans 51 and this is where the generations parted company – a new beginning, a clean break with history up to that point. Moltke spoke of a ‘new chronology’, Hans Schlange-Schöningen wrote: ‘We must build a new state, not in order to repeat the vicious circle of German history, but to begin a new history. ’2 This will to renew is most clearly seen in the overthrow of traditional ideas about the nation-state in favour of European solutions.
Alternatives to Hitler: German Resistance under the Third Reich by Hans Mommsen