By Oskar Hippe
My test, Non OCR'd, 300DPI
Originally released as '... und unsere Fahn' ist rot' through Junius Verlag GmbH, Hamburg, 1979
Review by way of Martin Empson wrote:
The lifetime of Oskar Hippe is an engaging one for Marxists and innovative socialists at the present time. As a tender employee in German in the course of international battle One, he grew to become a socialist, turning into occupied with anti-war protests as early as 1916. Later he could sign up for the Spartakist League, the enterprise setup through Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, yet now not being dependent in Berlin for a lot of the interval, following his conscription within the latter phases of the conflict, he neglected many of the key debates and battles of the early German Revolution. still his eyewitness debts are unique,
On the eve of one could 1916, my brother-in-law advised me that we might no longer started working tomorrow, because the group might all be becoming a member of an anti-war demonstration at the Potsdamer Platz. We went there on the designated time. 10000 employees had collected within the sq., and Karl Liebknecht spoke to them from the platform of the Potsdam neighborhood station. i don't understand how lengthy Liebknecht have been conversing whilst the police arrived. they can no longer do whatever at the start; the group avoided them from getting as much as the platform. an increasing number of detachments have been despatched in, together with fixed police who rode into the group with huge, immense brutality. For a time, the demonstrators post resistance, and plenty of policemen have been knocked off their horses.
Along together with his unit, Oskar Hippe successfully mutinied and went domestic have been he turned centrally fascinated about the progressive activities in his domestic zone of Halle. The e-book describes the dimensions of the revolution and the impression of the deaths of Luxemburg and Liebknecht, in addition to the swift emergence of the counter-revolutionary troops of the Freikorps.
As the Twenties constructed, Hippe turned an incredible activist within the German Communist social gathering (KPD). He was once usually specific through the suitable and the experts. usually blacklisted for exchange union job, the interval turns into ruled by means of the struggles in the Russian employer. Hippe describes the failure of the 1923 stream whilst revolution was once possibly at the playing cards, however the green Communist get together sounded the retreat on orders from Moscow. From then on his narrative turns into more and more formed by means of the conflict with the Stalinist wing of the KPD.
The post-revolutionary interval is usually marked by means of the expansion of the fascist flow. something that struck me interpreting the autobiography was once that violence, or the specter of violence, used to be an everyday fact for socialists. The socialists answered via arming themselves and being ready to struggle again, however it is remarkable that this violence used to be a great deal approximately protecting and holding the supplier, it's activists and permitting their deliberate task to proceed. This wasn't battling for the sake of struggling with, yet within the pursuits of establishing socialist agency. on the finish of the Twenties Hippe breaks with the Stalinist KPD, and with many others works to construct a brand new "Trotskyist" celebration. For a few readers this can appear like part of the booklet ruled through arguments one of the left, yet Hippe explains that this was once approximately attempting to continue the innovative culture alive in a interval the place the increase of fascism is a true prospect, yet with an enormous and robust German operating classification nonetheless unbroken.
With Hitler's victory, Hippe's workforce is pressured underground and finally he's imprisoned, serving decades of brutality and violence. finally he's let loose and works at the northern coast of Germany, attempting to make a number of contacts with staff and discussing politics with captured prisoners of struggle. Hippe and his comrades bravery is exceptional during this interval of inauspicious, harmful underground paintings. this is often no handbook for this task, yet you get a feeling of the risks and problems, in addition to the frustrations. apparently Hippe and his comrades believed that Fascism couldn't be over-thrown by means of German staff, who have been now to vulnerable, yet will be over-thrown by way of defeat in a global battle. It used to be a correct, if pessimistic outlook.
Hippe then confronted renewed persecution below the Stalinists. preliminary hopes new mass socialist employer can be equipped after the top of the conflict result in yet another interval of splits, inner arguments and finally underground paintings. Hippe as soon as spent years imprisoned for being a "Trotskyist counter-revolutionary", and needed to watch as others, together with collaborators with the Nazi regime turned senior figures within the East Germany state.
At the top of the ebook, Hippe's wish for the innovative over-throw of capitalism stay undiminished. It results in 1979, although Hippe lived lengthy sufficient to work out the autumn of the Berlin Wall. Hippe was once an activist throughout the Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies, observed the beginning of a brand new circulation and the emergence of a brand new left. all through he remained dependable to the relevant tenets of Marxism, and the tips of Lenin and Trotsky, believing that the overthrow of capitalism needed to be the act of the complete operating class.
For these drawn to the heritage of the left, in addition to the German Revolution and the foreign Communist circulation this can be a interesting booklet, might be marred by way of what feels like a clunky translation. Hippe's account might be distinct and its worthy searching for this booklet.
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Extra info for . . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty Years in the Workers' Movement
Nor, he added, were Freemasons to be trusted, and he related a horror story about the “halfJewish Freemason” who had represented a major German bank in Spain and had tried to torpedo trade negotiations there. Their enemies, boasted the deputy Führer, using another military metaphor, were being forced to abandon one position after another. ” According to the party’s handbook his responsibilities were manifold and important: he directed the NSDAP’s internal organization and cultural activities, its Auslands-Organization, its technical oﬃce and its Main Archives, as well as departments supervising national health, genealogical research, censorship, constitutional and legal issues, foreign policy, guidelines on race, and university appointments.
Now Emmy Göring was pregnant too: “The Görings are hoping for a girl; Goebbels wants his son to be a politician I’d like a boy too, but not a politician. ” The news reached Rudolf up at the Berghof, the Führer’s imposing new house with its commanding views of Germany and Austria from the Obersalzberg. Hess grinned from ear to ear one of the famous goofy grins that had endeared him to the Germans. He had never doubted that it would be a boy. The stars were favourable, and the moon had been full all night long before the birth.
Dear Mr Reichsminister,” another woman, the ﬁancée of SA-Standartenführer Herbert * Konrad Heiden, Adolf Hitler. Das Zeitalter der Verantwortungslosigkeit. Eine Biographie, published in Switzerland in two volumes, –, and in Englishspeaking countries as Der Führer. Heiden a pseudonym for a Jewish émigré, according to Hitler’s personal adjutant, Julius Schaub siphoned his scuttlebutt from disgruntled Nazi oﬃcial Otto Strasser, who had ﬂed in to Switzerland. Like Hermann Rauschning’s totally spurious Gespräche mit Hitler (Zürich, ), Heiden’s work was used as a basis for formulating the Nuremberg indictment in , and is a favourite source-book of uncritical historians.
. . . and Red is the Colour of our Flag: Memories of Sixty Years in the Workers' Movement by Oskar Hippe