By Cathy Bodine
This quantity in The SAGE Reference sequence on incapacity explores matters concerning assistive expertise engineering and technology. it really is one in every of 8 volumes within the cross-disciplinary and issues-based sequence, which includes hyperlinks from assorted fields making up incapacity reports as volumes learn issues imperative to the lives of people with disabilities and their households. With a stability of historical past, concept, examine, and alertness, experts set out the findings and implications of analysis and perform for others whose present or destiny paintings contains the care and/or learn of these with disabilities, in addition to for the disabled themselves. The presentational sort (concise and fascinating) emphasizes accessibility. Taken separately, each one quantity units out the basics of the subject it addresses, observed by way of compiled facts and information, urged extra readings, a advisor to agencies and institutions, and different annotated assets, hence delivering definitely the right introductory platform and gateway for extra research. Taken jointly, the sequence represents either a survey of significant incapacity matters and a advisor to new instructions and traits and modern assets within the box as an entire.
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Extra info for Assistive Technology and Science
With today’s text messaging services available on most cell phones, many individuals who are deaf are choosing to use this more portable service, and TTY’s are quickly being replaced by cell phones. Visual or vibrating systems provide signals to alert individuals about new events and changing circumstances—such as incoming messages and telephone calls, opened doors, fire alarms, and crying babies—and to provide reminders about wake-up and medication schedules. These systems come in many forms, from specially adapted watches to a wide range of switches, lighting systems, and applications that can be used with handheld devices.
Environmental Adaptations Persons with visual impairments usually keep the setup of their home and work environments constant, since this strategy helps in locating items and with navigation. However, they usually need specialized training for mobility in the community. Individuals with visual impairments can learn to use environmental cues, such as traffic sounds, echoes, or texture of the sidewalk, in combination with mobility aids, like a white cane or a guide dog, for community navigation. To supplement these less technical aids, some individuals use electronic travel devices that have the capability to detect obstacles missed by Introduction, Background, and Historyâ•‡â•‡ 27 a cane, such as overhanging branches or objects that have fallen.
This technology is implanted surgically, with an electrode array placed within or around the cochlear structure. The external portion, a microphone, relays speech and environmental sound to the implanted portion, which is programmed to process and synchronize the sound and stimulate electrodes appropriately. This system requires a battery pack worn on the body or behind the ear (Turkle, 2006). It also requires an experienced audiologist to teach the individual to use the acoustic cues produced by the cochlear implant as a substitute for natural hearing.
Assistive Technology and Science by Cathy Bodine