By Lars Chittka, James D. Thomson
Very important breakthroughs have lately been made in our knowing of the cognitive and sensory skills of pollinators, reminiscent of how pollinators understand, memorize, and react to floral signs and rewards; how they paintings plants, circulate between inflorescences, and shipping pollen. those new findings have noticeable implications for the evolution of floral show and variety, yet so much present guides are scattered throughout quite a lot of journals in very varied study traditions. This publication brings jointly striking students from many various fields of pollination biology, integrating the paintings of neuroethologists and evolutionary ecologists to offer a multidisciplinary strategy.
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Additional info for Cognitive Ecology of Pollination: Animal Behaviour and Floral Evolution
Upon arrival at the feeding area, memory for ﬂower cues does not reside in STM any longer, but needs to be retrieved from a more permanent store and put into working memory. Therefore, MTM is a memory stage clearly disconnected from a continuous stream of STMs into working memories, which regulate foraging behavior during the quick successions of intra- and interpatch choices (see below). MTM is physiologically characterized by the continuing activation of a particular second messenger pathway, the protein kinase C pathway (Grünbaum & Müller 1998).
This has led to the assumption that the memory formation process is determined by its underlying cellular machinery, and that similar time courses for the respective stages are indicative of general mechanisms rather than species-speciﬁc and task-speciﬁc adaptations. However, studies on memory stages have focused primarily on their neural and cellular substrates, and have not yet asked the question of how these stages are adapted to the needs of an animal behaving in natural surroundings. In particular, very little attention has been paid to the dynamics of natural sequences of behavioral events that simultaneously create new memory and need to be controlled by memory.
Specifying properties of a food source, such as local signals and contextual cues, will become increasingly important during consolidation. These highly speciﬁc memories are stored via multiple experi- Mechanisms of learning and memory ences in MTM and LTM, and their contribution to working memory will make expectations rather speciﬁc. A particular aspect of memory speciﬁcity is the combination of different memories established independently in LTM. One of these memories, general landscape memory (GLM), has been discussed here.
Cognitive Ecology of Pollination: Animal Behaviour and Floral Evolution by Lars Chittka, James D. Thomson