By Christine Haynes
Linking the research of industrial and politics, Christine Haynes reconstructs the passionate and persistent debate over the advance of the e-book alternate in nineteenth-century France. whereas traditionalists claimed that the enterprise of literature required tight nation legislation, an more and more influential staff of reformers argued that books have been traditional commodities whose construction and distribution have been most sensible left to the loose industry. The French Revolution overthrew the approach of guilds and privileges that had ruled the alternate less than the outdated Regime. within the fight that undefined, the recent males often called ?diteurs (publishers) driven for elevated liberalization of the marketplace. They trusted collective association, particularly a certified organization referred to as the Cercle de l. a. Librairie, to suggest for abolition of licensing specifications and extension of literary rights. Haynes exhibits how publishers succeeded in reworking the from a tightly managed alternate right into a unfastened company, with dramatic yet paradoxical outcomes for literature in France. the fashionable literary market used to be the result of a political fight either in the publishing international and among the e-book alternate and the country. In tracing the competition over literary construction in France, Haynes emphasizes the function of the second one Empire in enacting—but additionally in limiting—press freedom and literary estate.
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Linking the learn of commercial and politics, Christine Haynes reconstructs the passionate and chronic debate over the advance of the publication exchange in nineteenth-century France. whereas traditionalists claimed that the company of literature required tight nation rules, an more and more influential staff of reformers argued that books have been traditional commodities whose creation and distribution have been top left to the loose industry.
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Additional resources for Lost Illusions: The Politics of Publishing in Nineteenth-Century France (Harvard Historical Studies)
Whereas before such policing had relied on prepublication censorship, under the constitutional regimes of the early nineteenth century it began to center on postpublication liability. In assigning liability for the content of a publication, the law now targeted the éditeur alongside—and sometimes above—the printer, the bookseller, and even the author. The responsibility of the éditeur was highlighted for the ﬁrst time in the Serre Laws, a trio of measures on the press passed by the legislature in May 1819, which were named after the minister of justice who proposed them.
In their place emerged numerous newcomers, who beneﬁted from the liberalization of commerce. Although the book trade contracted again following the reregulation by Napoleon in 1810, it was still double its prerevolutionary size. By the end of the ﬁrst decade of the nineteenth century, a new band of publishers had replaced the old corporation of bookdealers at the center of the trade in Paris. This band expanded during the Restoration, when enterprising men could found a publishing ﬁrm with limited capital.
From the 1820s through the 1840s, The Birth of the Publisher 15 the new publisher was a frequent subject of plays, novels, satires, essays, and pamphlets by members of the literary and book professions. Typically, these commentators situated the libraire-éditeur in a hierarchy of “merchants” of thought, ranging from the étalagiste or sidewalk salesman at the bottom, through a variety of kinds of wholesalers and retailers, to the publisher at the top. The category of publisher was often then further subdivided into particular types, such as the classical publisher or the romantic publisher.
Lost Illusions: The Politics of Publishing in Nineteenth-Century France (Harvard Historical Studies) by Christine Haynes