By David Healy
This provocative historical past of bipolar illness illuminates how perceptions of sickness, if now not the health problems themselves, are mutable over the years. starting with the origins of the concept that of mania -- and the time period maniac -- in historical Greek and Roman civilizations, popular psychiatrist David Healy examines how recommendations of psychological afflictions advanced as medical breakthroughs confirmed connections among mind functionality and psychological disorder. Healy recounts the altering definitions of mania throughout the centuries, explores the results of latest terminology and growing to be public knowledge of the ailment on tradition and society, and examines the increase of psychotropic remedies and pharmacological advertising during the last 4 many years. alongside the best way, Healy clears a lot of the confusion surrounding bipolar affliction while he increases the most important questions about how, why, and via whom the sickness is clinically determined. Drawing seriously on fundamental assets and supplemented with interviews and perception received over Healy's lengthy profession, this lucid and interesting evaluation of mania sheds new mild on considered one of humankind's so much vexing illnesses.
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Extra info for Mania: A Short History of Bipolar Disorder (Johns Hopkins Biographies of Disease)
In much the same way, the word nephrosis had been coined to categorize functional kidney disorders in the absence of demonstrable abnormality or inflammation (as in nephritis). For Cullen, who was a medical classifier like Sydenham, hysteria was one subdivision of the spasmodic neuroses—all of which involved abnormal movement of muscles or muscle fibers. The neuroses also included tetanus, epilepsy, colic, diabetes, palpitations, and whooping cough. This classification system survived for more than a century.
29 Paracelsus railed against the Galenic system and argued for a more empirical medicine. But his main point of attack had to do more with the remedies in use than with the theoretical framework. ”30 Paracelsus had two problems with Galenic remedies. He advocated the use of purified remedies, such as metals, rather than Galenic compound medicines like Theriac, and he introduced the notion that for each specific illness there might be a specific remedy (although his notions of specificity were a long way from ours).
The appearance and explosive increase in these lethal conditions was a problem that threatened everyone. Against these epidemics, physicians from Hippocrates through Willis and on to Esquirol and Kraepelin, who feature in chapters 2 and 3, watched essentially powerless as these diseases took away their wives, children, friends, and colleagues. Kraepelin in his memoirs written after the First World War described as a matter of routine the deaths of several of his children through the 1880s and 1890s and near deaths of others.
Mania: A Short History of Bipolar Disorder (Johns Hopkins Biographies of Disease) by David Healy