By Abdoulaye Saine
This ebook is anxious basically with political and monetary occasions in Africa and The Gambia, specifically among the 1994 coup d'etat and 2008. considerably, it proffers coverage options to put this small yet possibly wealthy kingdom to leverage fiscal globalization to profit the terrible. conveniently understandable to experts and laypersons alike, this ebook is written through a student who has won significant recognize, either within the Gambia and across the world, for his dispassionate research of occasions unfolding in his kingdom of beginning.
Read or Download The Paradox of Third-Wave Democratization in Africa: The Gambia Under the AFPRC-APRC Rule, 1994-2008 PDF
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Extra info for The Paradox of Third-Wave Democratization in Africa: The Gambia Under the AFPRC-APRC Rule, 1994-2008
President Jawara crafted and personally presided over a moderate foreign policy, and adhered in principle to political democracy, human rights, and an open economy. In doing so, President Jawara gained respect both within The Gambia and internationally (Rice, 1968; Touray, 2000; Denton, Momen, 1987; 1998). A closer look, however, revealed a darker side. Despite the outward appearance of a vibrant multiparty democracy, The Gambia was a de facto single-party system. The governing People’s Progressive Party (PPP) and President Jawara managed to continuously dominate the political landscape in every election from 1965 onward, and never failed to win less than twenty-four of the thirty-four contested seats in parliament (Edie, 2000; Hughes and Perfect, 2006).
By all accounts, the late General Abacha’s transition program that was to culminate in his presidential election in October 1998 would have more than likely replicated Jammeh’s example in the Gambia, if he had not died. Abacha died allegedly of a heart attack in June 1998 before he could implement such a program (Agbese, 1996; Ihonvebre, 1993). General Abdulsalami Abubakar replaced him and like Valentine Strasser of Sierra Leone public outcry and international pressure dissuaded him from legitimizing his rule through controlled elections (Kandeh, 1996; Conteh-Morgan, 2000; Saine, 2000).
However, in his self-succession bid, he miscalculated and misjudged the feelings of the people even as he embarked on the use of force to have his way. He was ousted and later died, leaving the Ivory Coast mired in political instability and economic chaos in what once was one of Africa’s most stable and prosperous states (N’Diaye, Saine, and Houngnikpo, 2005). Similarly, Guinea’s Lansana Conte, Gnassingbe Eyadema, and other strongmen before them shed their military fatigues for civilian regalia (Houngnikpo, 2001).
The Paradox of Third-Wave Democratization in Africa: The Gambia Under the AFPRC-APRC Rule, 1994-2008 by Abdoulaye Saine